Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by and welcome to the Golar LNG Partners Q3 2019 Results Presentation Conference Call. [Operator Instructions] After the speaker presentation, there'll be a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] I must advise you that this conference is being recorded today, 26th November 2019.
I would now like to hand the conference over to your first speaker today, Iain Ross. Thank you, please go ahead.
Thanks, operator. Good morning, good afternoon everyone. Welcome to the Golar LNG Third Quarter Results Presentation. My name is Ian Ross, and I'm the CEO of Golar. Today I'm joined in the room by Graham Robjohns, CFO; and Stuart Buchanan, Head of IR. We also have our Chairman Tor Olav Troim on the line and he would like to make a few comments now.
Thank you, Ian. The Board of Golar LNG have in the last five years work toward a clear target of making Golar into the leading independent developer of LNG solutions, integrated LNG solution.
We feel we have made certain progress when it comes to the asset base and the contract backlog. However, the tracks for your investors is that the stock have not performed, it could be easy to excuse with the fact that the energy in the [Indecipherable] in the same period, up from 78% and energy has been reduced from 21% to 4.5% per SMP. We are not doing that, we are building a Company and we want to make money for you guys. It's truly understand that both existing and potential investors are critical to the fact that we have not delivered on our kind of targeted 5 units of FLNG strategy and they are asking when it's simplifying of the business probably going with including the shipping spin-off.
I'm one of the five largest shareholder in Golar myself and I have further responsibility as Chairman, so I'm sympathetic and truly aware, I'm working on the pretty big pressure toward solving these arguments. The world consumes today approximately 200 million barrels of oil equivalent a day, some 85% of that is hydrocarbon energy and the total consumption of coal in the world is approximately 80 million barrels of oil equivalent versus 11 million barrels of oil equivalent produced from wind and solar.
So, during the call is as of today, seven times bigger than what everybody talks about wind and solar. We truly believe that wind and solar will be -- with enhanced efficiency, have a bright future and we'll show double-digit growth. It will, however, be extremely naive and impossible to think that wind and solar over the next 20 to 30 years can replace the hydrocarbon industry. There are some clear facts to consider. The cost and the environmental effects of producing hydrocarbons as oil, gas and coal are very different. Oil is significantly cleaner than coal; gas is significantly cleaner than oil, not only is it cleaner, it's also significantly cheaper.
Based on the fundamentals, LNG has grown in the last 10 years from 9%, 10% a year. The LNG volumes have doubled since 2007. This growth rate have been achieved in the market where LNG prices in most period have been controlled by the majors and been trading around burn parity of 16% of Brent. The big volumes which have arrived from U.S., Russia, Australia of the last years have pressed prices down and effectively down to level around 8% to 9% of Brent, a price reduction versus oil of around 50%.
The major reason for this is that gas is a lot cheaper than oil to produce. We know that gas prices in U.S. currently are $2.5 or equivalent to around $15 oil. I was in Russia together with Russian producers last week and they claim that the upstream gas which goes out into the Yamal project, cost low to less than $1 per mmbtu or affect the $6 for a barrel of oil. The reduction of CO2 by converting coal to gas is approximately 50% to 60%, by converting these to gas you're reducing CO2 emissions by approximately 30%.
Currently we have more material reductions in SOX, in NOX and particulars as well, that is what the Golar story about. Lowering the cost of produced energy with material environmental benefits. Let's try to put this into a little bit of an understandable example. The diesel price in Brazil which had a diesel crisis a year ago, have over the last three, four years been equivalent to $26 per mmbtu. Future LNG prices are today around $6 per mmbtu. This creates a spread between what the commodity trades at and what their retail sales at of around $18 per mmbtu. If you price delivered LNG at a discounted diesel, for example, $4 per mmbtu that gives every truck driver in Brazil a benefit of $10,000 a day in fuel cost. He will save 170 tons of CO2 emission, which has the effect of the equivalent of planting 27 hectares of trees. So if you add all this together, and think that Brazil have 2.7 million trucks, you had actually had $27 billion in savings to be done by converting the whole truck fleet to LNG. The total area covered [Phonetic] in trees, it's bigger than England and it's probably in the -- or the British Isles and it's probably between the British Isles and Italy. This shows you a little bit about what this is about.
The Board of Golar is with this background of the clear opinion of the current valuation of the stock in the market is significantly lower than the true value of the Company's assets and the contractual cash flow. In addition comes the market-leading position, we have established both upstream and downstream and the value of the static beachhead, we have got in the strategic beachhead we have developed over the years. The Board's opinion on this is based on treating, it's based on the Company's own calculational value, is based on external research and analysis as well as third-party interest from industrial and financial parties for all or part of our assets.
In order to achieve a more effectively price to equity, the Board might in addition to the growth, which is still first the company consider sale of part of the cash flow we have built up, as well as simplifying the corporate structure around the company. Some industries are getting it with LNG. I think the cruise industry which 10 years ago had no LNG conversion at all. If you look at new buildings in LNG inclusion is clear today you'll probably find out 80% to 90% of all new cruise ships are delivering with LNG.
The container industry is now following. I'm just coming back from China on Friday, I can say that the 700,000 trucks they now have trading on Chinese road is a major part of the energy revolution, which the Chinese are leading up to.
Golar have since the oil price whatever have happened to the share price, it's a sad story and I can only as Chairman apologize. But at the same time, we have since oil price collapse in 2014, signed long-term contracts which gives an EBITDA backlog of more than $7 billion. We have built this order backlog, while most of the other competitors in the industry have eaten into their backlog and actually are suffering more from a bankruptcy situation. We have today solid financed Golar with a very strategic position, which I'm proud of. So even if trucks, ships, FSRUs, FLNG might be a confusing for you and looks complicated. I think it's a part of a reflection that the Company can be static in an environment with LNG prices fall 50% versus oil.
You have to be in dynamic model, but you have upstream position, downstream position and you move your investment after prices move. But let's just end with one little comment, Golar is all about one thing, it's delivering cheaper and cleaner energy and monetizing that through long-term profitable backlog. I think on that side, we have been pretty successful building $7 billion in order backlog in five years, in an oil distressed scenario. So with that introductory comment, and this is the cash that we burning for every day.
Thanks Tor Olav, and following on from our Chairman's comments just revisiting the investment thesis for Golar in a little bit more detail. So, yes, there is an undeniable need for the world to transition to cleaner sources of energy in order to combat climate change and reduce pollution in our cities. And while renewables feature heavily in the energy mix, we know that there'll be a long period of transition that we will require to clean this to fossil fuels and that of course means LNG.
And whether it's LNG replacing heavy fuel oil in the global shipping fleet post IMO 2020 or LNG replacing diesel and remote communities in developing countries, the long-term forecast growth in LNG demand is clear. Golar participates in this drive for cleaner energy through three separate channels to market. Firstly, through our unique low-cost floating liquefaction vessels. Secondly, through our fleet of LNG carriers and thirdly through our downstream business covering FSI use terminals small-scale distribution and power generation.
We've contracted backlog of around $6.6 billion in EBITDA and a growth path to $7 billion over long-term contracts, that are independent of commodity pricing and importantly will not require any further funding from Golar shareholders to deliver. We'll demonstrate more of this to you later in the presentation. We remain committed to delivering shareholder value on these three areas we'll focus on. On monetizing our contracted FLNG assets and maximizing value through project delivery and operational excellence. On spinning out our shipping business to create the separately investable entity and on delivering short payback, high value downstream projects that can be funded from within our Golar Power downstream venture.
We believe that Golar has got a strong role to play in helping to change the world's energy sources reducing the carbon footprint and reducing pollution in our communities. I just taking a little bit more of a look at the three segments and turn, and I think that's on Slide 4, perhaps 3.
In shipping, we're pleased with the progress that we've made in securing utilization for the fourth quarter onwards. The strategy we put in place and have implemented over the last six months, we'll see a 300% improvement in Q4 shipping revenue backlog and EBITDA backlog year-on-year. We have a good line of sight to Q4 TCE and expect earnings for the TFDEs to reach around $75,000 to $80,000 a day, and for the overall fleet, including the steam ships to be around $70,000 to $75,000.
Our recently dry dock TFDE fleet is on the water, enjoys a good reputation with customers and we remain of the view that placing our ships into a separate vehicle will create a more simplified structure. It will create a vehicle for LNG shipping investors to participate in and it will clearly strengthen Golar's balance sheet.
In FLNG, Hilli continues to perform well and we hope that our customer will embark on a drilling program to prove up more reserves next year in order to further develop that contract. We separately discussing a small increment existing production commencing in the first quarter next year. And now $1.3 billion Gimi Conversion project is on budget and on schedule. We continue to develop our Mark III design with an Asian yard in order to maintain our competitive position and our portfolio is developing well with quality customers. We continue to evaluate offers to invest in our currently contracted assets.
And in our downstream business, Golar Power, we are into hot commissioning of the Sergipe power station after the introduction to the plant from the fully commissioned the FSRU Nanook. Demonstrated progression of the business model and winning the Barcarena power project, which we think will underpin the development of the Barcarena terminal with FID of that terminal anticipated next year.
And the power station FID will be later is it's not due on the lines of 2025. We've made good progress in development small scale, securing shipping capacity through Avenue and taking delivery of ISO containers into Brazil. We'll dig more into these sectors in a little bit more detail once you've gone through the numbers.
Thank you Iain and good day everybody. Turn now to Slide 5, and starting with the Q3 financials. Our operating revenues were up this quarter at $99 million from $97 million last quarter. And importantly our voyage expenses were significantly lower due to an improved shipping market, even though the quarter was negatively impacted by vessels positioning and repositioning to five dry dockings over the quarter. Fleet utilization was similar to last quarter, 65%. Total fleet TCE increased from 24,500 in Q2 to 35,200 in Q3, both quarters as I've said were negatively impacted by the scheduled dry docking of vessels, spent time in the shipyard and sailing to and from shipyard.
TFDEs for the fourth quarter as Iain just mentioned are expected to show significant improvement with an expected overall TCE in the range of $70,000 to $75,000 a day and for tri-fuel diesel electric vessels between $75,000 and $80,000 per day. The increase in shipping revenues and reduction in voyage expenses was the key driver behind the 48% increased adjusted EBITDA in Q3, up from $40 million in Q2 to $59 million in Q3.
We are reporting a net loss of $62 million in Q3, but this is due in large part to negative non-cash derivative valuation movements totaling $62 million as you can see on the right hand -- on the table on the right hand side of this slide.
So turning to the balance sheet, our unrestricted cash position has increased to $250 million as of September 1, aided by the drawdown of the new $150 million debt facility. Liquidity will be further enhanced by the release of approximately $75 million from the Hilli LC restricted cash, as we have agreed with Perenco and SNH to mutually reduce guarantee LC requirements.
So subsequent to the quarter end, we closed the $700 million Gimi facility and having reached the $300 million equity requirement, made the first drawdown from this facility. We also terminated and bought back 1.5 million of the TRS shares representing the first 50%.
Turning over to Slide 6, this slide shows our last 12 months adjusted EBITDA at $283 [Phonetic] million. And after adjusting for one-off gains and the MLP share of Hilli, our further adjusted EBITDA was $183 million, which is comparable to the last 12 months as of the end of Q2 2019.
Turning over to Slide 7, last 12 months year-on-year EBITDA, you can see has shown huge improvement over the same period for the previous year. Our last 12 months further adjusted EBITDA to September 30, 2019 was a $183 million as I've said, the massive 300% increase from $61 million for the last 12 months to September 2018. This is being driven by a significant improvement in shipping and a full year's operations of Hilli Episeyo, while corporate costs have remained constant.
Turning over to Slide 8, and our EBITDA growth. Our current adjusted EBITDA will grow significantly over the coming years through both contracted growth and expected growth from existing assets contract awards and specific project developments. Importantly, all of this growth is fundable from existing resources.
We have our share of EBITDA from Sergipe and Nanook at $99 million starting in Q1 2020 and our 70% share of the Gimi FLNG at $151 million. At Perenco we're all planning a drilling campaign in the Kribi areas to prove up reserves in 2020. And if successful, this may lead to further capacity utilization and contract extension for Hilli. We are also in discussion again as Iain has mentioned, with Perenco with regards to a smaller increase in production will utilize part of Train III starting in Q1 2020. The $73 million additional EBITDA shown on this chart is based on the contracted full Train III only option that Parenco have.
Finally, Golar Power have been awarded a new PPA in Barcarena, Brazil and this project is intended to be the anchor customer in springboard for development of additional downstream LNG distribution in Brazil, targeting the displacement to diesel and coal LPG and heavy fuel. Based on the numerous customer letters of interest, we have Golar Power, have received and Golar Power's product development activity to date, the Barcarena project and downstream distribution has the potential -- realistic potential to deliver 100 million in EBITDA share for Golar.
Importantly, the equity requirements for these downstream relevance are fundable from Golar Power's operating cash flows, which starts in Q1 2020.
Turning over to Slide 9, here we set out the Gimi capex and debt profile to COD. At COD, the total equity requirement on 100% basis is $493 million, of which $188 million has been paid in as at September 30. Remaining equity requirement is therefore $305 million of which Golar's 70% share is $214 million. To fund that $214 million, we have $325 million in liquidity made up of $250 million in unrestricted cash on the balance sheet at the end of September and the release of $75 million from the Hilli restricted cash.
We have closed and drawdown on the $700 million debt facility as I mentioned. And importantly, as we get nearer to COD, we plan and remain confident in our ability to refinance this facility, increasing the debt level and releasing paid in equity back to go Golar. Approximately $137 million in capex is due post COD and will be funded from commissioning revenues and operations. Also, and as previously discussed, we have had significant interest from a number of infrastructure funds looking to invest in our existing long-term FLNG projects. And we are evaluating these proposals. A potential server is not necessary to fund existing capex but proceeds could be used to fund equity requirements of future business development.
Thanks, Graham. I'd like to taking you now through our operating segments in a little bit more detail, starting with shipping, so on Slide 10. In shipping, we believe we're entering the period of structural shortage of ships that's been widely predicted by shipping brokers. We expect the next few years to be strong for the carrier fleet and therefore maintain the view that spending out of the ships remains in the best interest of shareholders.
Following the Board's decision to spend the ship -- back in May, we had been driving toward a spin-off prior to the year-end. And as mentioned we were planning to do this in conjunction with some other ship owners, in order to create a larger business that could be more responsive to the market. And unfortunately while that arrangement was ready to go, we had a very late change in the needs of one of the participants that we find unacceptable. And as a result of this, Golar has withdrawn from that arrangement and we'll continue to progress alternative mechanisms to complete the spin-off.
We have plan to list this month on the Norwegian OTC with the larger group before moving it most probably to the U.S. next year. Our revised plans will now have us look at a direct U.S. listing of Golar only ships which inevitably means that we will not achieve the spin-off until next year. The delay is disappointing, but we do remain committed to the spin-off and believe that, again subject to market conditions we'll get it done this coming year. In the meantime, we are looking forward to the ships making some good money over the coming quarters.
Turning to FLNG, Slide 11. So Hilli has now floated 29 cargoes safely with that incident, any additional LNG production record in 2020 can be handled with ease based on our operating experience to date. We recently completed the planned maintenance shutdown and completed the full scope when we started without any concerns. Our team is really familiar with the vessel and the operating experience and confidence in the facility continues to grow. As in Singapore to have a look at the Gimi project, a couple of weeks ago and things are progressing well.
There are few pictures of the yard activities on Slide 12. It was a pleasure to walk around such a well organized site. The life extension work on the ship is going well. Sponson fabrication is progressing at pace and it's still good to hear the numerous lessons learned from our highly experienced, being implemented in real-time on a daily basis.
We have around 80 Golar and around 1,500 Keppel people working on the project now, pushing for sail away in just over two years time. $250 million in EBITDA for 20 years remains an attractive investment opportunity for infrastructure funds. And as mentioned, we continue to evaluate numerous offers for investment in currently contracted assets.
In terms of the FLNG pipeline, we continue to develop opportunities focusing only on the Top 5 that have most chance of reaching an investment decision. But I must stress that we remain highly disciplined in our capital management and investment decision for future LNG projects, we have to come with the fully financed solutions. Further, it do take time to develop and we therefore we don't really expect any FID for at least for the 12 months.
Looking at the downstream business, on Slide 13, in downstream our development of Golar Power from a single project at Sergipe to a comprehensive business is progressing well. The whole drive of this downstream business is to display dirtier, more polluting fuels, which are used for transportation or power generation and to replace them with cleaner and in most cases, significantly cheaper sources as Tor explained.
Cheaper sources of energy via LNG. Because of the double benefit of lower cost and less polluting energy, we're not surprisingly experiencing strong demand from the customer base of remote communities and businesses who will benefit from the forthcoming switch. And as we can see from the map on the slide, our plan is to build that supply capability from strategic hubs around the coast. Golar power is well advanced and the extensive permitting process for several terminals. And with the recent award of the Barcarena project underpinning a terminal in the most northern spot on the map. You can hopefully see the coverage you can get from that location.
On the Grand Golar Power has made progress by taking possession of around 12 ISO Containers, which will be used to transfer LNG to customers on barges, on trucks. We secured access to shipping via a time charter of 7,500 cubic meter vessels from a latest party company Avenue, and we've committed to modular regasification and unloading units.
In addition to doing great work for communities, we think this is a superb business. As Graham highlighted, we see growth potentials in the next few years across the downstream activities identified so far and by identified, we mean that with real customers through albeit non-binding LOIs for supply of LNG. We expect to have contracted somewhere around $100 million of EBITDA, which is a Golar share, importantly funded from within Golar Power cash flow and debt facilities, and therefore with no requirement for additional equity from GLNG.
Sergipe which is a cornerstone of this business is into the hot commissioning phase of the power station. Things there are progressing well and we're looking forward to reaching COD early next year. Some further pictures on Slide 14 are included, I visited the site last month, and you can tell it's a fully constructed facility. The huge construction workforce has gone, and all we have now are the commissioning teams. We are hard at work with the gas now being fed into the plant and they have plenty to do over the coming weeks.
Turning to Slide 15, I'd like to talk a little bit more about ESG. And as I've mentioned, the strategic fund of our business is focused on helping our customers reduce their carbon footprint and then improve their emissions through the use of LNG as a fuel source displacing dirtier and more expensive sources of energy. But equally in Golar, we are also focused on looking at ourselves in how we can improve -- we are doing for the last nine months or so have been running an ESG project that will result in more formal statements and reporting of what we do, where we want to get to and how we are going along that journey.
Our five key areas -- are here on this slide. And the important thing is that we've been focused on these for quite some time. For example, our attention to safety and operational risk management across the business is relentless and it's underpinned by our management focus and a strong culture of continuous improvement. We commissioned studies across the carrier fleet to understand the optimum vessel trim at various speeds in order to improve fuel economy. We deploy heat recovery steam generators on our FLNG units to minimize fuel usage and therefore reduce emissions. And we have patents pending on the design for hydro energy regeneration from sea water disposal, that we are installing on our FSRUs, that again conserves energy. And of course our Brazilian business model as the cleaning and drilling of remote communities, energy consumption right at the heart of it.
As we look at more detail of this in our -- of our progress in the appendix and our Board of course is fully behind this ESG drive and management will be submitting its first ESG report to the Board, prior to former release next year.
So summing up on Slide 16, we believe the backdrop of LNG demand is only set to strengthen as more and more segments of the industry and both urban and remote communities address growing concerns around climate change in pollution. Whilst renewals of the ultimate destination gas and especially gas in the form of LNG is a significant part of the journey and will be so far a long time to come. Our work in liquefy and transporting gas as LNG serves as a transition feedstock for remote communities that are currently burning more polluting fuel oil and diesel for transport and power generation.
Importantly, we know the switch is coming, thanks to our ability to get cleaner LNG to these communities and it's significant cost saving to the consumer. We also know that rightly or wrongly, economic benefits sometimes need to lead environmental ones. And with small scale LNG distribution we have both economic and environmental benefits, the model works.
And at Golar, we remain focused on delivering what we've committed to and what's in front of us. And that's fully contracted EBITDA run rate of around $440 million per year and expanding to over $600 million per year without any further funding required from Golar LNG shareholders. This is evidenced by close to $7 billion in EBITDA backlog that delivers out past 2015. We believe Golar is a sustainable business.
Thank you. Ladies and gentlemen, we'll now begin the question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] The first question comes from the line of Jon Chappell from Evercore. Your line is now open. Please ask your question.
I think the last slides incredibly important with the backlog and fully funded, and I think it speaks to the strategic developments you guys have made and then really set Golar up good for the long term. However as Tor alluded to, sometimes the market especially in energy and LNG specifically is very short-term. So forgive me for asking two kind of short-term focused questions.
So first with Hilli, can you just explain a little bit more about this smaller increase in production that could potentially start in 1Q '20? You had, one of Graham's earlier slides, still the $73 million of EBITDA run rate from Train III. So what would the quote-unquote smaller increase production really translate into from an EBITDA run rate perspective and how real is that for 1Q '20?
So we're still in discussions, is the first thing. And therefore until the deal is signed and delivered, it's not delivered. I think you should consider as a fraction of percentage of that Train III. And separately, we hear from our customers that they are embarking on a drilling program to prove up assets, and I see that as a very positive step forward, if it in fact continue to do that, and we could be in a very different situation this time next year, talking about a much larger commitment to Hilli.
A commitment that would include three and possibly four in extension of one and two, how sizable could that commitment be -- understanding the whole discussion?
Jon, I think that depend entirely on what we find and what they're prepared to commit to. So I mean, I think the good news is that, actually we believe that, going to move forward with the drilling program, which is great.
Okay. And my second question is, you mentioned this huge backlog, which is obviously real. When you announced the TRS last quarter, you mentioned suspending the dividend for six months. But if you read the press release and you talk about capital return, you mentioned a focus on further growth investments or share buybacks. So is your view on the dividend kind of change over the last three months you do not view that as a six-month suspension, but more of a permanent suspension with more of a focus on buybacks given where the share price has been over the last few months?
I think, John, that it will be a matter for the Board to decide. But as we sit here before us, certainly, if we have any spare cash that's available, we will put it to use that maximizes value for shareholders. And within that mix, you have to consider and I think we have projects that we have to invest in or in fact buybacks.
Okay. But it sounds like things are fully funded, a lot of cash flows are turning on. Some spare cash should accelerate in the early part of next year and given the timeline that Graham laid out most of your equity commitments are done. So we should think of more of a capital return unless there is new projects. Is that correct?
And your next question comes from the line of Michael Webber from Webber Research. Your line is now open. Please ask your question.
So, I wanted to touch on the carrier spend and the breakdown of the process there and also to go on for a couple of years. Can you give us a bit more background around kind of what the disagreement was there and whether is specifically whether it pertaining to valuation? And then when we think about 2020 and kind of spending in the U.S. Should we think about that as maybe as an equity dividend or is it the high degree of leverage, keep that from being in play and should we expect maybe a more robust process, I guess, when you try to spend it in the U.S.?
Well, withdraw from the consortium is quite a recent fact that we concluded yesterday and there is no point going into the detail of it, we just had a structure that didn't work for us. We've got a task list of things to do, and the way, that all we're prepared to say at this point, is the way that the spend contemplated now it will only involve Golar ships. We plan to deconsolidate it, obviously remove the debt from the balance sheet. This and the other such items are being worked on as we speak.
Got you. I guess, put in the context of a carrier spend, I guess the sequencing, it seemed like it was a flavor of carrier spend and then kind of addressing GMLP, and then I know you guys also have an option to spin Golar Power. Does the -- I guess, does the kind of dissolving the previous structure and pushing that spin into 2020, is it more likely that we would see a simplification of Golar Power -- I'm sorry, Golar Partners before we would actually see a Golar carrier spend? Or is that order still in play you think for 2020 in terms of spending the carriers first and then addressing the rest of the platform?
Well, I think they'll evolve as the natural solutions evolve for each part of the business. The one that's obvious, and we've talked about exact plans of what we're trying to do, is the shipping spend and obviously we've got a team focused on making that happen. So I think that will be our immediate focus and how we incorporate bits of the MLP will unfold in the coming months obviously.
Got you. And then just one more if you'll go out -- for Sergipe, in terms of the commercialization progress there on the retail and transportation side, you mentioned some momentum and maybe converting some of those MOUs into firm sales. Is there any update in terms of the timeline as when you think you'll start to get some of the first ones of those over the line?
No, but I guess the one thing I would say is a very positive process and that we've got -- we've got pool coming from the customer base, because they do see the environmental benefit and they do see the cost benefit. What we got to do is make sure we commit to those customers, remember we're committing not only our quantity and our price with time, we've got to make sure we've got all our ducks in a row and how we're going to make -- deliver the equipment and get that lined up. And that planning process is happening. Now we've got a substantial team working on it. So as that unfolds, we'll be able to give you more detail, but it's progressing well.
Do you think we can see the first steps there in Q1 or H1 of 2020 in terms of the first incremental pieces of commercialization on the retail and transportation side?
I think the reality is, if you take that $100 million, the best way to think about it at this stage with early information is start in the middle of the year and -- maybe middle of the year, quarter three, start with first income, go all the way out to 2025 when the power station is online, pretty straight line between the two, and that's probably -- and not by the way to look at it and it illustrates why we try to demonstrate how we can fund that through cash flows from Sergipe.
[Speech Overlap] our another assets. But we'll -- as this develops, we'll obviously provide more information. But we -- the focus is on getting the elements of the kit that we have to put in place when the customers signed up, and once we've done -- once we've done one customer, we'll know how that's going and we can repeat and learn from that and improve on the next one and so on.
And your next question comes from the line of Craig Shere from Tuohy Brothers. Your line is now open.
Or good afternoon. Good afternoon. On Jon's, Hilli question want to confirm if this little piece of Train III would be additive to the original 500 Bcf contract or simply a quicker drawdown on the 500 Bcf. And what opportunities there are to potentially self contract West African FLNG to supply your downstream Brazilian operations?
So, I mean the additional amount that would come through, that's part of the original contract. The contract duration is 8 years. So as part of this arrangement we've -- this is would essentially be additive to that contract.
So it would still because, originally if you tapped Train III it might move to like five years because you just draw down quicker. So this would be completely additive and still be eight years?
I mean self contracting opportunity is there. You mean, in taking cargoes from Hilli to move to other locations, of course that's there and as we look to develop the Golar Power downstream business and put cargoes through Nanook and eventually the FSRU that goes up to Barcarena. That's a further opportunity. And if we can link the two, if you can obviously link, taking a cargo with the production of more LNG subject to our customer, being able to provide the gas of course, and that's obviously something we'd look at.
And also on another of Jon's questions around liquidity and share buybacks. Understand that you do plan new financing as Gimi is finished. But barring that, seems to just about fully funded assuming you cover 70% of $442 million outstanding equity from 3Q '19 through 2023. And that also assumes Golar Power self funds Barcarena and Brazilian downstream. But, the self-funding equity investments at Golar power combined with the accelerated debt amortization is kind of going to swap that the opportunity for cash dividends up to the JV partners, GLNG and Stonepeak.
My question is, when do you think you're really going to materially turn the corner in liquidity, in excess of capital project obligations and enjoy material improving free cash flow at GLNG itself, such that you could pursue open market purchases of shares that are priced near nine-year lows?
So what we try to lay out today, Craig, is that we've got $440 million of EBITDA backlog contracted with upside to $600 million. Now, if you think about what we've had to do to get the first $100 million EBITDA in Sergipe is build a fairly large power station over a number of years with a fairly large capital commitment and large debt and large debt amortization. The second $100 million is going to come with not necessarily less hard work, but with certainly more capital ease. And I think that's what we should be looking at in Golar Power is the fact that we can take that cash flow that we're developing from Sergipe and other assets in Golar Power and translate that relatively quickly into another $100 million of EBITDA, and that's just from customers that we've already identified.
So that's where our focus is. And in terms of the rest of Golar LNG, we remain disciplined from a capital point of view. Let's deliver on our Gimi project. Let's continue with the ships and do the spin for that. And of course, if we get more upside from Hilli next year or the years to come, then, of course, that goes straight to the bottom line and cash. So I think we got pathways to cash, we're really clear about what we're working on.
So if I hear you, going forward Golar Power has expansion opportunities or not only lower a capex to EBITDA, but much faster cash payback realization. And if I'm hearing that correctly, plus, obviously with Barcarena grow through 2025, do you see this teeing up a successful IPO for the JV?
Potentially, but that's something the IPO, Board, the JV partners will look at in due course. The absolute focus for Golar Power right now is to build that business and prove that it's sustainable. And I think with the award of the Barcarena contract, the guys have done a great job in making that next step along the line and turning it from a project to a business.
And your next question comes from the line of Greg Lewis from BTIG. Your line is now open. Please ask your question.
Yes, thank you, and good afternoon. And I just had some questions looking for some follow-up. You kind of alluded a couple of times in your prepared remarks about potentially selling of pieces of existing projects. And just kind of would like to have a better understanding of what that structure would look like, i.e. is that something where we're going to -- is that going to become a JV where we're going to sell half, is that we're selling a third, any kind of -- and realizing that those discussions may be ongoing, so realizing there could be some sensitivity around that?
And then also is -- being as -- you mentioned that the projects are fully funded, is the implication there that the opportunities for additional projects are going to be at least at a similar return or higher return? Just trying to -- I'm just trying to wrap my head around the thought about selling these what are already on the book's pretty profitable return projects.
So a couple of questions in there. If I take the first one first, if you look at the interest in the contracted assets, what we have here is interest largely from infrastructure funds who see a 20, 25 year contract is very attractive, because that's how I do a set up. And we've talked to a number of different potential participants around small investment and obviously, that investment would do a few things, but most importantly what it would do is, we probably demonstrate to other people that the value that we've created in building an investment for a capex some and have it sold at an EBITDA multiple that's way in excess of that, and that shows that we've delivered value. And I think that's partly what we do. We prove that there is a value being created in those assets.
So yes, the discussions are ongoing with a number of parties and we continue to evaluate that. And we'll only proceed if we think it's going to be the right thing to do for shareholders. In terms of the -- your other point, the FLNG portfolio, if you want to stick on FLNG, remains robust. Not only have we had people talk to us about investing in our existing portfolio, there is a potential for people to invest in future portfolios, but these projects do take time. And I think the message today is that we're not rushing out and trying to desperately find another FID to satisfy a notion of five FIDs in five years. What we're doing is, we're focusing on delivering what's in front of us. And I'm confident if the right project comes along with the right financing solution, then we will consider taking ahead in the right manner. And if we do that, it will have returns for -- commensurate with that where we expect our FLNG returns to be, which is kind of mid-teens return on equity.
So, I had a couple of -- hey, guys. I had a couple of FSRU really Golar Power questions. The first is, just sort of more broadly, the focus seems to be pretty clearly on quite a number of opportunities in Brazil. Obviously, there is the Croatia one that have been done in the past. But, is it fair to assume that before now Brazil is sort of where we should expect things to happen going forward, maybe less of other areas of the world?
I think Brazil for us is more in our control. So to answer your question directly, we are still looking at other areas of the world, where we see value in combining in FSRU with some downstream infrastructure, which would be a terminal pipeline or ultimately a power station. So we are still scouting the world and looking to develop those projects. The difference that we've got in Brazil is that we're creating those projects. So we're getting permitting for terminal outlined in winning a power station. We are creating our own market through the end product that we supply, which is either gas to consumers in the form of LNG or electrons from a power station. And that's different to say submitting a bid for a tender to simply supply an FSRU.
So what we're doing, as the business grows and as Golar Power grows, we like to internationalize what we're doing in Brazil. But the formula is to be around creating our own market with the FSRU being the strategic asset, whose capacity, we can use for all those downstream things, as opposed to going out and just trying to get a return on a bareboat charter rate for an FSRU.
Okay, that's helpful. And then sort of following on that theme and I'll try to squeeze two questions into one here. As we look at Brazil specifically, some of the other projects that you sort of have outlined as potential things, the Santa Catarina project, how do those compare on size? Are they a little bit smaller relative to say Sergipe and then as it relates to Sergipe, specifically I know, over the past, you've talked about the opportunity to expand that and have sort of been waiting on winning power contract to be able to do that. Is there any update on where the status of the expansion stands for Sergipe?
So I mean there is a couple of elements to how you should look at the Brazilian market. Remember, when we started this journey, it was on the back of the Sergipe power station and we felt that we had two -- power stations as the reason that we move forward with FSRUs in terminals. And what we've learned over the last few years, is it that's not necessarily the case. First of all, the power contracts that come up are varied, there are two or three a year and the demand is set by the various states or power states -- entities that are looking for the power, you bid against those power contracts. And what we've got is in Golar Power a series of locations that are approved or can easily be approved for power projects. So that's the first differentiator is that, it takes time and energy to get environmental and other approvals in place just to bid for the power projects.
The second point is, because we're working on a number of locations, we have flexibility in where we can try and win that power project from. Sergipe expansion is a great example of power project that we think eventually will be competitive, but it just so happens in this instance our offering out of Barcarena was a better offering when you combine all the different elements.
And then the third thing is, that what we've learned is, that the downstream aspects, the ability to sell gas to other users through either direct pipeline into local facilities or importantly a small scale moving it down the river. That is also an extremely important and lucrative part of the business that we're developing. So it's much more than let's get the next power station up, it's more about getting a strategic location for a terminal and having the justification to underpin FID of that terminal, get an FSRU there and start moving gas around, and from that power stations and other things will come.
Okay. And just to clarify, when again sort of on the size aspect and as it relates to FSRUs, are many of these things -- projects that might lend themselves to smaller FSRUs as opposed to the traditional bigger purpose-built is that required?
Yeah. I mean, some of the smaller FSRUs are possible maybe as a stop gap, but they tend to be less efficient than the newer ones. And so you've got to look at the whole economic story whether how long you keep the gas there, the quantities of gas and the customer base for drawing it off. So it's obviously something that we've got quite a lot of flexibility with some of the older FSRUs we have, but also then we've got new FSRUs such as Tundra and Conversion Candidates and Celsius and Penguin, which already sit in Golar Power. So we don't have a shortage of FSRUs that we can deploy to these opportunities.
And your next question comes from the line of Randy Giveans from Jefferies. Your line is now open. Please ask your question.
All right. So first on the LNG shipping side. Now that all your dry dockings are complete, are all your spot vessels currently employed? And do you expect to lock away more ships on maybe some index-linked charters, we saw that a few months ago? And then separately, any updates on the Golar Viking? Is that still expected to be converted to an FSRU starting I guess in January?
Yeah. So taking the last one first, Randy, Viking I think February [Phonetic] -- she is on charter till February, then going into the yard, that project is progressing well. Obviously, the ship is not in the yard, but the yard is proceeding with fabrication of the regaskets and that sort of thing. So that, yes, that's happening. I think she comes out of the yard at the end of next year, and then will be transacted through a purchase arrangement to LNG Croatia, and then we'll operate and maintain it for the next 10 years. So that's firm and fixed and happening.
Coming back to the fleet, the strategy that we deployed is, if you look at a year ago the market was going up and then, a month from now the market was coming down, we had all of our fleet in the spot market. Trading on spot with simple cargoes. A couple of them, I think we're index-linked. We've taken time and put a lot of work in with the chartering department to try and maximize utilization. So we have several of our ships on index related charter party, so that they take benefit of a rising market. And we also have some protection support around the falling market where it's not only the rate coming down that hurts you, so lack of utilization. So we've got a number of ships on full utilization.
We also have a number of ships. So something like, I can't remember the exact number of this, something like four on index related deals, four on fixed charter related deals of more than one voyage and two that are enjoying playing in the spot market. The 10 ships that are in the trading through the Cool Pool. I think that mix is about right. We do want to have a couple of that to take opportunistic upside on very short voyages, that can have higher rates. But largely, we want to get the utilization up in the fleet and continue to have more predictability on the earnings for the ships and obviously that's important as they go out on the road next year.
Perfect, OK, that's fair. And then did you say, going back to the LNG spin, that will now likely only include Golar ships? And what is the updated timeline for the spin or hurdles or milestones for this to happen in the next few months?
So, yes, you're right, it will only include Golar ships. So we're going to do this on our own. We're just regrouping and working through the timelines and assuming that we do decide to go direct listing to the U.S. is going to be some time next year, I guess in the middle of next year, right, and we get through all the listing requirements.
Well, the Board, -- the Board has announced the intent to spin-off the ships. I don't think the Board's intention around the ships has changed. The mechanism and specific arrangement on how we do that is something we're financing.
Got it. And then Tor, if you're still on the call, knowing you around, want to ask you some questions. You mentioned you're a top five holder of GLNG. You're also disappointed that the share price is down 50% over the past year like the rest of us are. That said, have you or kind of will you look to repurchase or purchase -- sorry, additional shares at the steep kind of sale price? And then as Chairman of the Board, Ian mentioned, it's kind of up to the Board, in terms of dividends or share repurchases at the corporate level going forward, what would be your recommendation?
And your next question comes from the line of Chris Snyder from Deutsche Bank. Your line is now open. Please ask your question.
I would be interested to hear the feedback you received as you've been marketing the proposed LNG spin off over the last couple of months. And I ask because sentiment around LNG shipping is not great. And now, the plan is to spin off uneven smaller fleet with not a ton of equity value, I'm just curious around the confidence levels you guys have that you can get a deal done in 2020.
We'll have to wait and see that when the markets hold up, but I mean our view is something we want to do and we are working on structure so that we can -- that we can make it happen.
Okay. Fair enough. And I'm sure you guys have given us some level of thought, but is there any opportunity to sell the LNG shipping fleet? The time charter market appears pretty healthy at the moment, so proposed buyers could put the vessels on cash flow accretive contracts. And so even if you just take a haircut on asset prices, it could drive a pretty significant valuation uplift for the broader Golar Group.
That is true. Okay. And then just, I guess, one more. You guys have clearly made progress on the downstream Brazil opportunity. So you have the $100 million contracted EBITDA over the next 25 years from the Sergipe and then Nanook. But could you provide any color about how we should think about the EBITDA upside opportunity here from the downstream and how quickly could we see EBITDA go above the $100 million run rate? Just trying to boil down all the moving parts around the separate projects, all of which have different timings. Any color there to how to think about it or to model it would be appreciated.
Chris, I actually answered that on a previous question. I think, at this stage, with early information, the best way to think about it is start a EBITDA stream coming in middle of next year, maybe Q3 next year, and run it in a straight line until we've got the power station up in 2025. And in doing that, we get confidence that we can fund it from cash flows from the existing business and other debt facilities. And of course, if we get opportunities to accelerate that we'll do so. But I mean, realistically, at this time, when we're still finding out the data, it's probably the best way to think about it.
Hi guys, James Yoon on for Chris. Just wanted to actually follow-up on Greg's question but simplifying the business and selling and cash flows. The LNG market continues to face some headwinds, how might that impact the simplification in some of the asset sales, just kind of wanted to get a sense of, if you're getting the valuations you wanted right now? Or if we do [Indecipherable] wait a little bit before you might see something on -- that might be sold to an infrastructure fund or similar deal along those lines?
Correct. No. Just broader LNG market like essentially, are you seeing some of the valuations that you're seeing in sort of the public market FEED in, do some of your other assets and being a potential headwind any deal that you might do in the private market?
No, we're not, we're not seeing any headwinds. I think we got, it's a different structure, I mean if you think about LNG, first of all, our EBITDA backlog that we've discussed is unaffected by commodity price. It's locked in as infrastructure play. And the growth in the downstream business case even more compelling and a lower LNG price environment. And if you think about, is that lower LNG price prevails is only going to serve to drive that demand higher. More LNG demand requires more production or production requires more shipping to meet -- to move it and our low-cost FLNG solution can cost effectively monetize the gas assets. So low gas prices aren't a [Indecipherable] to us achieving our targets.
And we haven't not done things around simplification because of headwinds around pricing. We've chosen a more complex route by trying to deal with the tripartite situation, that hasn't worked for us. So we're going to do it ourselves, with the spinning ship of, for example. And as it relates to an interest in our FLNG assets, as I've said the contracted backlog is unrelated to commodity pricing, and so has no bearing on how an infrastructure fund would view it. So, no, I don't think it's causing a problem at all.
So you're getting a level of interest right now where you actually, where your deal could be possible?
Yeah. How is it going? If I could just ask a question on the LNG carrier market, you're forecasting a shortage over the next couple of years, but I wonder how you think about that on a seasonal basis and if it's kind of dependent on the U.S. to east arb being opened. You mentioned that the LNG oversupply globally cause that arb to be closed. And I wonder if there is a potential for a ton-mile demand to be depressed in the shoulder seasons because that arb would be closed because of an LNG oversupply. I was just wondering if you could comment on kind of how you see the market on a seasonal basis over the next couple of years?
So we still think it will be seasonal, but if you believe the bulk of reports and you follow up, when you look at our own analysis, we are thoughtful and hopeful that the shoulders won't be as steep as they've been in previous year. So, yes, there still be a seasonal adjustment as cargoes tend to follow, but we think the seasons will be lower. In addition to the east-west arb that you've mentioned and yes it's remained closed, but we are still seeing cargoes have got to find destinations. The U.S. cargoes have been going to Europe, Europe's full, so they then slow steam to the -- to Southeast Asia and to China. And an interesting fact that I'm going to leave you with this, is this whole call for reducing our carbon footprint around the world, one of the easiest ways that shipping companies can do that is to reduce the shipping speed toward boil-off. So you marry a boil-off with shipping speed, you take a few knots of the speed and all of a sudden you've combined improved and carbon footprint with slow steaming and effective partial storage, so that they can take opportunities of arbs as and when they open. I think we'll see an awful lot more of that in the coming years.
All right that's interesting point. And then just on a Perenco drilling program, when do you expect next year to get an update on what that drilling program has found?
I don't have any firm information on that. Obviously, we're still in the discussions that part of this business is outside of our control. The bit that we can control is making sure that the Hilli performance safely and effectively for our customers and that's what we're doing.
Yes, thank you. Good afternoon. I know you're selective both from a capital and project basis on the FLNGs -- potential FLNGs. Has your success on Hilli provided you with any favorable negotiating leverage either on the type of projects over the financing or the type of financing partners, you can attract?
I think what Hilli has done is proved that the concept works, you can marinize and float LNG and sell it on a converted ship around the world and have it operate with 100% commercial up time. I think the BP contract award with Gimi has proven that a top multinational -- mega-national oil company can approve that as part of an entrance into their operational environment, which is no small undertaking. So our position on FLNG is to find opportunities that we can deploy these units on. I'm not worried about the negotiating position, we believe that going forward we will get a good commercial rate for these units because it adds value to customers. The bigger challenge -- and there is plenty of opportunities out there. I mentioned we've got the top five that we look at. That's on a long list of maybe 20.
The bigger challenge is making sure we can get the operators requirement to converge directly with the ability to fund and finance these projects and wrap it all in one -- under one large banner. And what we're finding is that by focusing on the bigger companies with stronger balance sheets that can give us more support, that's the way forward. So what we're doing? We're pushing forward to try and get nonbinding term sheets developed for these companies and build the portfolio that eventually will deliver some fruits from that level.
Well, thanks everyone for tuning into the Q3 results. Happy Thanksgiving for those of you in the U.S. and who celebrate it. And we look forward to catching up with you next time. Good bye.
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